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Industrias
BIOCLIMATIZACIÓN POR
TÉCNICAS EVAPORATIVAS
GUÍA DE INFORMACIÓN Y APLICACIÓN DEL SISTEMA
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Colegios
Pabellones deportivos
PATROCINADA POR
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Residencias

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ÍNDICE / GUÍA DE INFORMACIÓN Y
APLICACIÓN DEL SISTEMA
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” En ocasiones, la naturaleza pone a nuestro alcance recursos que hacen nuestra
vida más confortable y respetuosa con el medio ambiente ”
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Fotografía de portada: Alex Postigo

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A/  INTRODUCCIÓN AL CONFORT Y A LAS NECESIDADES DE
REDUCCIÓN DE TEMPERATURA
A /I- CONCEPTOS CLAVE DEL CONFORT AMBIENTAL
.........................
5
El Calor
..............................................................................................................................
5
La Humedad
...................................................................................................................
5
La Ventilación
................................................................................................................
6
A/II- PRINCIPALES PROBLEMAS GENERADOS POR EL
EXCESO DE CALOR Y LA FALTA DE VENTILACIÓN
................................
6
Estrés Térmico
..............................................................................................................
7
Baja Productividad y Accidentalidad Laboral ..............................................7
ermo
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8
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Mal Uso y Abuso del Aire Acondicionado
.......................................................
9
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B/ BIOCLIMATIZACIÓN: ENFRIAMIENTO POR TÉCNICAS
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EVAPORATIVAS
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B/I- ¿EN QUÉ SE BASA LA BIOCLIMATIZACIÓN EVAPORATIVA?
..........
11
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Historia: Desde los Faraones hasta Hoy
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Introducción al Principio Físico y Funcionamiento del Sistema..........11
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B/II- CÁLCULO CIENTÍFICO DE LA CLIMATIZACIÓN..............................12
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Diagrama Psicométrico y Aplicación ...............................................................13
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B/III- TEMPERATURAS DE CONFORT ALCANZADAS ...........................14
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Rendimiento del Sistema
.......................................................................................
14
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Efectivo incluso en Zonas Costeras  ................................................................15
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Casos Especiales en Climatización: Spot Cooling en Industria
..........
16
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- Zonas Calientes Internas
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16
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- Zonas Calientes Externas 
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- Diseño para el Acondicionamiento de Áreas Calientes 
......................
17
C/ BENEFICIOS Y SOLUCIONES QUE APORTA LA
BIOCLIMATIZACIÓN
C/I-MÁXIMA EFICIENCIA Y AHORRO ENERGÉTICO
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19
.........................................................................................
19
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La Le
xión Relevante ......................................................... 20
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Principales Diferencias frente al Aire Acondicionado
...........................
20
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C/II- SALUDABLE Y ECOLÓGICA ......................................................................21
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Visión de futuro
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22
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C/III- CUMPLIMIENTO CON LA RESPONSABILIDAD SOCIAL
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EMPRESARIAL (RSE)................................................................................................................. 23
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ECO
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D / APLICACIONES POR SECTORES
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D/I- SECTOR INDUSTRIAL:
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PROBLEMA/ SOLUCIÓN
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26
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1- Industrias de Alimentación
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28
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2- Almacenes farmacéuticos
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28
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3- Artes gr
...............................................
28
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4- Cerámica .................................................................................29
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5- Cuartos técnicos/ data centers
...................................
29
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6- Fundiciones............................................................................29
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7- Lavanderías
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30
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8-Madera
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30
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9- Papel y cartonaje.................................................................30
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10- Pinturas
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30
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11- Plásticos ..................................................................................31
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12- Productos volátiles ...........................................................31
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13- Textil
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31
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D/II- SECTOR SERVICIOS:
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PROBLEMA/ SOLUCIÓN
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32
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1- Pabellones deportivos, salas de juego y
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zonas recreativas
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2- Bodegas de vinos
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33
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3- Centros y naves comerciales
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33
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4- Cocinas industriales
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34
5- Colegios ...................................................................................34
6- Concesionarios de coches y talleres ........................35
7- Invernaderos / “Garden centers“
.................................
35
8- Geriátricos .............................................................................36
9- Pádel indoor
...........................................................................
36
10- Residenciales, unifamiliares .......................................37
D/III- OTRAS APLICACIONES
...........................................
38
1- Granjas de animales
............................................................
38
2- Ejército
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38
3- Entornos exteriores al aire libre
..................................
39
F / FAQS .......................................................................................40
EPÍLOGO: Bioclimatización Biocool ...............................42
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3 / BIOCOOL

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A / INTRODUCCIÓN AL CONFORT Y A
LAS NECESIDADES DE REDUCCIÓN DE
TEMPERATURA
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LOS FACTORES QUE MÁS INFLUYEN EN EL CONFORT AMBIENTAL SON
LA TEMPERATURA, LA HUMEDAD Y EL AIRE. PARA COMPRENDER EL
FUNCIONAMIENTO DE LAS TÉCNICAS EVAPORATIVAS ES NECESARIO
CONOCER ESTOS CONCEPTOS CLAVE, PRESENTES EN SU DESARROLLO
TECNOLÓGICO, ENTENDIENDO QUE LA TEMPERATURA VIENE
DETERMINADA EN ESTE CASO POR EL NIVEL DE CALOR.
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4 / BIOCOOL

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A/ I- CONCEPTOS CLAVE DEL CONFORT AMBIENTAL
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 A/ I- CONCEPTOS CLAVE DEL
CONFORT AMBIENTAL
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EL CALOR
El calor es una manifestación de la energía producida por el mo-
vimiento molecular que provoca la subida de las temperaturas, la
dilatación de cuerpos, la fundición de sólidos y la evaporación de
líquidos. Es la sensación que se experimenta ante una elevación
de temperatura. Se mide teniendo en cuenta dos magnitudes: la
intensidad y la cantidad de calor.
1- La intensidad de calor está relacionada con la velocidad del
movimiento molecular y para medirla se determinan paráme-
tros comparativos, que permiten establecer el grado de calor
o temperatura. Un cuerpo con gran velocidad molecular tiene más
temperatura o más nivel/grado de calor que otro.
2- La cantidad de calor de un cuerpo es la suma de las energías
térmicas de todas las moléculas que lo componen. Mientras que
la intensidad de calor o temperatura indica el grado de movi-
miento molecular o el nivel de calor de un cuerpo, esta magnitud
señala su contenido total de calor.
unidad de calor, el agregado de dicha
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energía provoca un aumento de la temperatura, a ese estado
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calórico cuya variación de nivel puede determinarse mediante un
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termómetro, se denomina calor sensible. Sin embargo, cuando
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se está materializando un cambio de estado físico, el agregado
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de energía no origina variación de temperatura. A ese calor se le
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denomina calor latente, y se consume en la acción de transforma-
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ción física.
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ECO
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LA HUMEDAD
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Mantener un nivel de humedad correcto es impres-
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cindible para disfrutar de una sensación de bienestar
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ambiental.
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Por encima y por debajo de esa condición de confort, una altera-
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ción en la humedad provoca un cambio de sensación térmica, es
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decir, la percepción de la temperatura seca del ambiente cambia
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sin haberse producido variación en la misma.
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Por tanto, la Humedad Relativa
e en nuestro confort por
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que determina nuestra percepción térmica, como muestra la
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siguiente tabla:
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TEMPERATURA EFECTIVA
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HUMEDAD RELATIVA
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5 / BIOCOOL

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A/ I- CONCEPTOS CLAVE DEL CONFORT AMBIENTAL
LA VENTILACIÓN
Respirar aire limpio y fresco es uno de los factores imprescindibles
para generar un ambiente confortable, especialmente en zonas de
trabajo para que se pueda desarrollar un correcto rendimiento de
los profesionales. Mantener una buena ventilación es posible gra-
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cias a la renovación constante del aire que se respira en el interior
e industrial o cualquier otro.
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Para asegurar la salubridad del aire es fundamental la limpieza
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del mismo, y eliminar o disminuir las concentraciones de polvo y
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partículas en suspensión, así como controlar el nivel correcto de
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humedad. Concretamente en la ventilación industrial, es necesa-
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rio neutralizar las altas temperaturas del aire (especialmente en
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verano) así como el humo, gases, condensaciones y malos olores
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que pueden resultar molestos e incluso perjudiciales para la salud
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de los trabajadores.
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Uno de los factores que más contribuye a mejorar la ventilación
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es el mo
ado, tal y como lo hace la
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Naturaleza con la brisa marina, que además tiene un efecto re-
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frescante sobre las personas, ya que incrementa la evaporación
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de la humedad acumulada en la piel por la sudoración. En este
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sentido, incluso aunque no varíe la temperatura, se produce una
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sensación de bienestar y frescor.
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Cuando la humedad y el movimiento del aire se controlan
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adecuadamente, el índice de la “temperatura efectiva” mide
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realmente el confort ambiental.
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SENSACIÓN DE TEMPERA
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Aire (m/s)
Temp. efectiva ºC
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0,10
23,25
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0,50
22,50
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1,00
22,00
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1,50
21,50
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2,00
21,00
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2,50
20,50
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3,60
19,75
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6 / BIOCOOL
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A/ II- PRINCIPALES PROBLEMAS GENERADOS POR EL EXCESO DE
CALOR Y FALTA DE VENTILACIÓN
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En las aplicaciones comerciales y residenciales
la velocidad del aire interior debería estar
comprendida entre
m/seg. Y
m/seg.
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En las aplicaciones industriales la velocidad
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del aire podría ser mayor.
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Es precisamente ésta la razón por la que usamos los ventiladores
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y en general la ventilación, como método para solucionar los pro-
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blemas de calor, aún cuando no se reduzca la temperatura del aire.
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A/ II- PRINCIPALES PROBLEMAS
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GENERADOS POR EL EXCESO DE
CALOR Y LA FALTA DE VENTILACIÓN
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Las condiciones climáticas en los lugares de trabajo constituyen
un f
e directamente en el bienestar y en la ejecu-
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ción de las tareas de los empleados. La temperatura adecuada
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para desarrollar una actividad laboral de forma confortable
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se sitúa entre los
ºC y los
ºC, con un índice de humedad
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equilibrado, que no genere sensación de agobio. Pero en muchas
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ocasiones, debido tanto a las altas temperaturas del verano
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como las que se generan por la propia actividad profesional
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(fundiciones, hornos,…) la acumulación de calor puede derivar en
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problemas graves como el estrés térmico, la baja productividad
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laboral y el incremento de la accidentalidad.
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ermo y el abuso del aire acondiciona-
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do son otros de los principales problemas que se producen por el
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calor y de igual forma un inadecuado uso del aire acondicionado.

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A/ II- PRINCIPALES PROBLEMAS GENERADOS POR EL EXCESO DE
CALOR Y FALTA DE VENTILACIÓN
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INDUSTRIAS
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ESTRÉS TÉRMICO
El estrés térmico es un problema que sufren los trabajadores
que desarrollan su actividad laboral en un entorno muy caluroso,
y resulta de la combinación del calor ambiental (temperatura y
velocidad del aire, humedad, radiación del sol o de otras fuentes
de calor), del generado por la propia actividad física, e incluso
del que provoca la ropa de trabajo que produce el aumento de la
temperatura del cuerpo humano. Como consecuencia se pueden
sufrir trastornos en la salud tales como la deshidratación, los
calambres, mareos e incluso desmayos.
El organismo humano dispone de mecanismos propios para
regular su temperatur
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sudor
a fre-
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nar el incremento de la temperatura corporal, que puede elevarse
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hasta niveles peligrosos, creciendo el riesgo de sufrir trastornos.
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Por lo tanto, se trata de un problema grave que muchas veces por
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desconocimiento no se sabe cómo solucionar.
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En este sentido, los sistemas convencionales como el aire acon-
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dicionado no son viables, debido principalmente a su gran coste
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económico tanto de instalación como de consumo energético,
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ya que generalmente se trata de refrigerar grandes espacios.
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ECO
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LA BIOCLIMATIZACIÓN
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EVAPORATIVA,
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PROPORCIONA
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TEMPERATURAS
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ADECUADAS PARA EL
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BIENESTAR DE LOS
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TRABAJADORES
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a-
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ción evaporativa (BCE), que proporciona un ambiente fresco y
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de confort, logrando temperaturas adecuadas para el bienestar
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de los trabajadores.
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BAJA PRODUCTIVIDAD Y ACCIDENTALIDAD
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LABORAL
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La temperatura ambiental ejerce una gr
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el nivel de productividad como en el de accidentalidad laboral.
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Lógicamente, no es posible obtener el mismo rendimiento de un
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trabajador desarrollando una actividad de forma continuada a
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ºC que realizando la misma acción a
ºC.
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Estos par
ados en el
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informe NASA (CR-
), que concluye que tanto la disminución
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de la productividad como el riesgo de accidentalidad laboral van
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parejos al aumento -grado a grado- de la temperatura, cuando se
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sitúa por encima de la óptima de trabajo (TOT) que se establece
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en
ºC en época estival.
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7 / BIOCOOL

Page 8
A/ I- CONCEPTOS CLAVE DEL CONFORT AMBIENTAL
EFECTOS DEL CALOR
ACCIDENTALIDAD
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TOT / ºC
ºC
ºC
ºC
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PRODUCTIVIDAD
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TOT / ºC
ºC
ºC
ºC
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TOT = Temperat ura Ópt ima de Trabajo (
)
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UN SISTEMA QUE PERMITE
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MANTENER PUERTAS Y
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VENTANAS ABIERTAS,
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EL AIRE SE RENUEVA
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CONSTANTEMENTE
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8 / BIOCOOL
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A/ II- PRINCIPALES PROBLEMAS GENERADOS POR EL EXCESO DE
CALOR Y FALTA DE VENTILACIÓN
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En este sentido, la legislación actual de Prevención de Riesgos
Laborales, contempla en su ANEXO III (*), los límites de las
condiciones ambientales en las que se deben realizar los trabajos
según sea la actividad.
Para conseguir que los trabajadores rindan al máximo,
deben desarrollar su actividad laboral con una temperatura
ambiental correcta, lo que también evitará que se produzcan
accidentes dado que la salud del prof
á
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de trabajar en un recinto perfectamente ventilado y fresco.
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La bioclimatización es una forma de refrigeración que mantiene
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un nivel equilibrado de humedad y evita los cambios bruscos de
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temperatur
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OFICINAS Y COMERCIO
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SÍNDROME DEL EDIFICIO ENFERMO POR FALTA
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DE VENTILACIÓN
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a-
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ción Mundial de la Salud (OMS) como el conjunto de enfermeda-
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des originadas por la contaminación del aire en espacios cerra-
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dos. Se produce como resultado de varios factores que propician
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ese aire viciado tales como: la mala ventilación, la concentración
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de partículas en suspensión, contaminantes, gases, vapores, etc.
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Esta situación provoca molestias y enfermedades: migrañas,
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mareos, irritaciones en la piel y la aparición o agravamiento
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de alergias, entre otras. Se trata de un síndrome frecuente en
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espacios industriales mal ventilados y con gran cantidad de aire
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viciado en el ambiente.
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La BCE soluciona este problema porque proporciona un aire
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limpio y fresco, con las condiciones higiénicas adecuadas. Al
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tratarse de un sistema que permite mantener puertas y ventanas
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abiertas, el aire se renueva constantemente por lo que no recir-
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cula, evitando que se vicie. Además, desplaza al exterior polvo,
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humos, olores y otros contaminantes, aportando aire fresco de
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calidad.

Page 9
AIRE INTERIOR
FILTRADO
BIOCLIMATIZACIÓN
A/ II- PRINCIPALES PROBLEMAS GENERADOS POR EL EXCESO DE
CALOR Y FALTA DE VENTILACIÓN
COMERCIO Y RESIDENCIAS
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EL MAL USO Y ABUSO DEL AIRE
ACONDICIONADO
Debido a la mala regulación del aire acondicionado, con frecuen-
cia se genera un ambiente excesivamente frío en contraste con
la temperatura exterior. Esto da lugar a cambios bruscos de
temperatura, lo que puede provocar la aparición de resfriados,
ecciones respiratorias
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o contracturas musculares, entre otras patologías. Igualmente,
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la sequedad en el ambiente, generada por el aire acondicionado
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que absorbe la mayor parte de humedad, favorece la aparición de
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infecciones como la rinitis, bronquitis e incluso neumonías.
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Los efectos adversos para la salud originados por el mal uso del
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aire acondicionado son evitables con la bioclimatización evapo-
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rativa. Además, ésta última permite mantener ventanas y puertas
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abiertas, lo que resulta muy agradable en verano creándose sua-
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ves brisas de aire fresco. Se evita así esa sensación de aislamien-
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to, que puede producir el no poder tener los accesos abiertos, por
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ejemplo a las terrazas.
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LOS SISTEMAS DE BIOCLIMATIZACIÓN
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EVAPORATIVA OFRECEN MENOR
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TEMPERATURA DE IMPULSIÓN
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CUANTO MÁS CALOR Y MÁS SECO
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ES EL AMBIENTE EXTERIOR. ES UNA
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SOLUCIÓN IDÓNEA LOS DÍAS DE CALOR
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EXTREMO
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HASTA ºC
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MENOS DE
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TEMPERATURA
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RESPECTO AL
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EXTERIOR
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NIVEL CONSTANTE
HUMEDAD
COSTE MÍNIMO
DE CONSUMO
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VENTAJAS
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ECO
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PERMITE
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LOCAL ABIERTO
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9 / BIOCOOL

Page 10
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10 / BIOCOOL
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B / BIOCLIMATIZACIÓN:
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ENFRIAMIENTO POR TÉCNICAS
EVAPORATIVAS
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EL ENFRIAMIENTO EVAPORATIVO ESTÁ PRESENTE EN LA NATURALEZA,
EN LUGARES CERCANOS AL AGUA COMO LAS CASCADAS, LAGOS, MARES
Y OCÉANOS E INCLUSO SOBRE LA PIEL HUMANA. EL HOMBRE PRIMITIVO
YA APLICÓ TÉCNICAS RUDIMENTARIAS DE REFRIGERACIÓN EN BASE A
ESTA OBSERVACIÓN.

Page 11
B/ I- ¿EN QUÉ SE BASA LA BIOCLIMATIZACIÓN EVAPORATIVA (BCE)?
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B/ I- ¿EN QUÉ SE BASA LA
BIOCLIMATIZACIÓN EVAPORATIVA
(BCE)?
__rendered_path__32
BREVE HISTORIA: DESDE LOS FARAONES HASTA HOY
La historia antigua ya describe cómo los egipcios utilizaban gran-
des vasijas de barro llenas de agua que aireadas con abanicos de
plumas de avestruz, enfriaban el aire en los días más calurosos.
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facilitando el proceso de evaporación del agua.
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Al igual que otras civilizaciones más antiguas aprovecharon el
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enfriamiento por evaporación de agua en su forma más primaria,
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cuando las blancas sábanas mojadas se colgaban de las puertas
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y ventanas para producir una brisa fresca natural que remitía el
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calor del sol.
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Años después, los árabes también emplearon la técnica de
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bioclimatización evaporativa en las casas y suntuosos palacios,
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como en La Alhambra de Granada, con numerosas fuentes y
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estanques integrados en sus claustros y jardines, como las que
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se encuentran actualmente en los frescos patios de las casas
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andaluzas.
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EL ENFRIAMIENTO
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EVAPORATIVO ESTÁ
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PRESENTE EN LA
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NATURALEZA
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ECO
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En la Era Moderna ha sido en EE.UU. donde la BCE ha tenido un
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mayor desarrollo tanto en aplicaciones industriales –especial-
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mente en la zona Este del país- para ventilar
ar y limpiar el
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zona Sur Oeste- principalmente para enfriar la temperatura, así
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como para ventilar de forma saludable.
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En la Era Industrial y con la introducción del aire acondicionado,
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los desarrollos de la climatización fueron dirigidos a sistemas
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por compresor, dejando de lado los sistemas naturales de mucho
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menor consumo, donde exigir una temperatura concreta era más
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complicado y en ocasiones requería mayor mantenimiento. En
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países como Australia, este sistema ha sido adoptado con gran
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éxito y obtenido apoyos gubernamentales por el bajo consumo y
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gran ahorro que representaban.
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Con sucesivas evoluciones, la bioclimatización evaporativa actual
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se basa en sistemas de última generación, que permiten contro-
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lar mejor los parámetros de climatización y admiten el control
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domótico, incluso a través de aplicaciones móviles.
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ES EL MOMENTO DE PREGUNTARSE SI REALMENTE
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CONOCEMOS Y VALORAMOS ESTA SOLUCIÓN Y LAS
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VENTAJAS QUE NOSOTROS, NUESTROS CLIENTES Y EL
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PLANETA TENDRÍAN AL UTILIZAR MÁS ESTE TIPO DE
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SOLUCIÓN NATURAL.  
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11 / BIOCOOL

Page 12
B/ I- ¿EN QUÉ SE BASA LA BIOCLIMATIZACIÓN EVAPORATIVA (BCE)?
INTRODUCCIÓN AL PRINCIPIO FÍSICO Y
FUNCIONAMIENTO DEL SISTEMA
La bioclimatización evaporativa es una técnica de climatización
basada en un principio físico que observamos a diario en la Natu-
raleza: la brisa del mar. Se trata del enfriamiento del aire cuando
circula en contacto sobre una masa de agua, debido a que ésta se
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evapora, reduciendo su temperatura y aumentando la humedad
del aire, sin variación energética o entálpica. Se consigue así la
transformación del calor sensible (temperatura) del aire, en calor
latente (humedad). La bioclimatización evaporativa imita ese
proceso natural proporcionando una brisa de aire fresco.
El funcionamiento del sistema es sencillo, el bioclimatizador
recoge aire caliente del exterior y lo humedece al pasar por
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que impulsa fresco al interior del recinto con hasta
C menos
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de temperatura.
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Se logra de este modo proyectar un caudal constante de aire
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natur
ado, que se introduce limpio en el recinto,
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evacuando al mismo tiempo los olores, gérmenes y polvo en
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suspensión al exterior por los accesos abiertos (puertas y/ o
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ventanas), lo que favorece la renovación constante del aire
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que no recircula, sino que se renueva, generando un ambiente
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saludable.
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B/ II- CÁLCULO CIENTÍFICO EN LA
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CLIMATIZACIÓN
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La Psicrometría es una rama de la ciencia que estudia las propie-
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dades termodinámicas del aire húmedo y del efecto de la humedad
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atmosférica en el confort humano. En relación con la temperatura,
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el aire tiene la propiedad de retener cierta cantidad de vapor de
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agua. A menor temperatura, menor cantidad de vapor, y a la inver-
__rendered_path__42__rendered_path__43
sa: a mayor temperatura, mayor cantidad de vapor si se mantiene
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éste a presión atmosférica constante. También se considera que
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es un método para controlar las propiedades térmicas del aire
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húmedo y se representa mediante un diagrama psicométrico.
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12 / BIOCOOL
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B/ II- CÁLCULO CIENTÍFICO EN LA CLIMATIZACIÓN
__rendered_path__4
LOS DATOS REPRESENTADOS EN EL
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DIAGRAMA PSICOMÉTRICO SON:
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TEMPERATURA DE BULBO SECO
TEMPERATURA DE BULBO HÚMEDO
HR
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AD RELATIVA
TURA DE PUNTO DE ROCÍO
H
BH
P
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AD ESPECÍFICA
W
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ALPÍA
OLUMEN ESPECÍFICO
N
Ó
I
C
A
PR
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C
U
R
V
D
A
R
U
T
A
S
E
VESP
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DIAGRAMA PSICOMÉTRICO Y APLICACIÓN
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En el Diagrama Psicométrico se relacionan múltiples parámetros
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referentes a una mezcla de aire húmedo, temperatura, humedad
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relativ
-
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ca o calor total, calor sensible, calor latente y v
-
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co del aire. Los valores del diagrama no son constantes, varían
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según la altura sobre el nivel del mar.
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Se utiliza en arquitectura e ingeniería en la enseñanza de las ins-
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a dimensionamiento
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de sistemas de calefacción y de aire acondicionado.
__rendered_path__99__rendered_path__102__rendered_path__263
Los procesos de calefacción, refriger
-
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punto de estado inicial en el ábaco hasta una condición diferente,
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representada por un segundo punto en el ábaco.
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En el caso de la climatización evaporativa, nos movemos en el
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Psicométrico dentro de las líneas de entalpia constante aumen-
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tando la humedad, tal y como se muestra en el
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También podremos calcular mediante fórmulas, la carga térmica
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de calor disipado por un bioclimatizador conociendo el caudal, la
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temperatura de impulsión y la temperatura objetivo mediante la
__rendered_path__93__rendered_path__97__rendered_path__274
siguiente ecuación:
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Q=
. V . Dif T
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Dif T = T.diseño – T.impulsión
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V = Caudal de aire impulsado
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De esta forma, un bioclimatizador que impulse
m3/h a
C
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para obtener una temperatura de diseño de
ºC, disipará una
__rendered_path__104__rendered_path__107__rendered_path__279__rendered_path__266
carga de kw aproximadamente, con un consumo de kw. Lo
__rendered_path__46__rendered_path__26__rendered_path__47__rendered_path__36__rendered_path__40__rendered_path__36__rendered_path__40__rendered_path__52__rendered_path__53__rendered_path__54__rendered_path__36__rendered_path__29__rendered_path__42__rendered_path__49__rendered_path__31__rendered_path__33__rendered_path__32__rendered_path__58__rendered_path__26__rendered_path__59__rendered_path__28__rendered_path__29__rendered_path__30__rendered_path__31__rendered_path__108__rendered_path__109__rendered_path__101__rendered_path__102__rendered_path__95__rendered_path__96__rendered_path__97__rendered_path__105__rendered_path__97__rendered_path__100__rendered_path__104__rendered_path__97__rendered_path__107__rendered_path__108__rendered_path__109__rendered_path__103__rendered_path__92__rendered_path__102__rendered_path__92__rendered_path__107__rendered_path__118__rendered_path__101__rendered_path__105__rendered_path__97__rendered_path__100__rendered_path__103__rendered_path__97__rendered_path__106__rendered_path__96__rendered_path__101__rendered_path__96__rendered_path__97__rendered_path__107__rendered_path__119__rendered_path__105__rendered_path__118__rendered_path__107__rendered_path__92__rendered_path__100__rendered_path__97__rendered_path__105__rendered_path__97__rendered_path__98__rendered_path__118__rendered_path__109__rendered_path__107__rendered_path__118__rendered_path__101__rendered_path__100__rendered_path__104__rendered_path__92__rendered_path__106__rendered_path__92__rendered_path__107__rendered_path__118__rendered_path__122__rendered_path__105__rendered_path__93__rendered_path__94__rendered_path__95__rendered_path__96__rendered_path__118__rendered_path__98__rendered_path__118__rendered_path__109__rendered_path__107__rendered_path__92__rendered_path__107__rendered_path__118__rendered_path__122__rendered_path__105__rendered_path__123__rendered_path__98__rendered_path__97__rendered_path__100__rendered_path__94__rendered_path__95__rendered_path__96__rendered_path__118__rendered_path__98__rendered_path__118__rendered_path__109__rendered_path__107__rendered_path__92__rendered_path__107__rendered_path__118__rendered_path__122__rendered_path__105__rendered_path__126__rendered_path__95__rendered_path__97__rendered_path__101__rendered_path__107__rendered_path__95__rendered_path__106__rendered_path__106__rendered_path__97__rendered_path__105__rendered_path__97__rendered_path__105__rendered_path__97__rendered_path__102__rendered_path__92__rendered_path__107__rendered_path__101__rendered_path__105__rendered_path__98__rendered_path__118__rendered_path__107__rendered_path__118__rendered_path__101__rendered_path__105__rendered_path__92__rendered_path__96__rendered_path__118__rendered_path__97__rendered_path__105__rendered_path__103__rendered_path__101__rendered_path__98__rendered_path__97__rendered_path__102__rendered_path__92__rendered_path__118__rendered_path__106__rendered_path__97__rendered_path__96__rendered_path__101__rendered_path__98__rendered_path__118__rendered_path__109__rendered_path__107__rendered_path__92__rendered_path__105__rendered_path__102__rendered_path__92__rendered_path__107__rendered_path__101__rendered_path__105__rendered_path__98__rendered_path__118__rendered_path__107__rendered_path__118__rendered_path__122__rendered_path__105__rendered_path__98__rendered_path__97__rendered_path__127__rendered_path__100__rendered_path__103__rendered_path__97__rendered_path__98__rendered_path__97__rendered_path__100__rendered_path__98__rendered_path__97__rendered_path__102__rendered_path__92__rendered_path__106__rendered_path__97__rendered_path__104__rendered_path__106__rendered_path__97__rendered_path__100__rendered_path__97__rendered_path__105__rendered_path__103__rendered_path__92__rendered_path__98__rendered_path__92__rendered_path__104__rendered_path__101__rendered_path__106__rendered_path__97__rendered_path__102__rendered_path__135__rendered_path__136__rendered_path__137__rendered_path__138__rendered_path__139__rendered_path__140__rendered_path__141__rendered_path__142__rendered_path__143__rendered_path__144__rendered_path__150__rendered_path__151__rendered_path__152__rendered_path__153__rendered_path__154__rendered_path__154__rendered_path__156__rendered_path__157__rendered_path__158__rendered_path__162__rendered_path__163__rendered_path__166__rendered_path__163__rendered_path__166__rendered_path__93__rendered_path__162__rendered_path__166__rendered_path__170__rendered_path__93__rendered_path__171__rendered_path__172__rendered_path__174__rendered_path__175__rendered_path__176__rendered_path__180__rendered_path__241__rendered_path__242__rendered_path__243__rendered_path__244__rendered_path__245__rendered_path__246__rendered_path__248__rendered_path__249__rendered_path__250__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__252__rendered_path__278
que representa un COP de

Page 13
Entalpia
Densidad
(kg/cu.m)
Relación de
Evaporación
El refescarse
transformación
tarifa-masa
latente (w)
Altitud: 0 (meters) / Barométrica presión:
(mm Hg) / Atmosférica presión:
B/ II- CÁLCULO CIENTÍFICO EN LA CLIMATIZACIÓN
DIAGRAMA PSICOMÉTRICO
CONCEPTUAL
PSYCHROMETRIC
CARTA
Temperatura Normal
SI Unidades
NIVEL DEL MAR
Presión Barométrica:
kPa
__rendered_path__63
I
PROCESO
T
NFORME
. I
NICIAL
DE
LA
DEL
ESTADO
PUNTA
/
Y
DATOS
DEL
Temperatura
seca (ºC)
Temperatura
de bulbo
mojado (ºC)
__rendered_path__64__rendered_path__63
DE
LA
PUNTA
DEL
ESTADO
__rendered_path__65__rendered_path__66__rendered_path__67
36,000
19,484
__rendered_path__68
2. T. IMPULSIÓN
21,130
19,484
__rendered_path__70__rendered_path__77__rendered_path__209__rendered_path__211
P
E
ROCESS
vaporative Cooling
/
Comience el
nombre de la
punta
Sume la
energía (w)
__rendered_path__71__rendered_path__78__rendered_path__210__rendered_path__212__rendered_path__216
T. inicial
295
__rendered_path__72__rendered_path__213__rendered_path__214
Información del proyecto:
__rendered_path__45
Humedad
__rendered_path__46
relativa
Image_65_0
(%)
__rendered_path__162
20,00
__rendered_path__163
86,00
__rendered_path__199
Energía
sensible
__rendered_path__120
-8.684
Proporción
de la
humedad
(g/kg)
7,42
13,59
Energía
8.979
(kJ/kg)
55,231
55,752
Punto de
condensa-
ción (ºC)
9,5332
18,7066
__rendered_path__134__rendered_path__135
90,00
1,1277
1,1731
(kg/hr)
12,6
(kPa)
__rendered_path__2__rendered_path__13__rendered_path__14
ECO
__rendered_path__4
Vaporice la
__rendered_path__6
presión (mm
__rendered_path__8
Hg)
__rendered_path__12
8,9266
16,1853
Evaporación
tarifa-volumen
(L/hr)
12,6
__rendered_path__9__rendered_path__11
Humedad
__rendered_path__10
absoluta
__rendered_path__17__rendered_path__19
(g/cu.m)
__rendered_path__18__rendered_path__20
8,377
__rendered_path__18__rendered_path__21
15,958
__rendered_path__22__rendered_path__23__rendered_path__25
del calor
__rendered_path__24__rendered_path__27__rendered_path__28
sensible
__rendered_path__26
-29,4
__rendered_path__3__rendered_path__5__rendered_path__7__rendered_path__24__rendered_path__29__rendered_path__30__rendered_path__33__rendered_path__34__rendered_path__35__rendered_path__36__rendered_path__35__rendered_path__35__rendered_path__37__rendered_path__37__rendered_path__39__rendered_path__37__rendered_path__40__rendered_path__41__rendered_path__42__rendered_path__43__rendered_path__73__rendered_path__74__rendered_path__75__rendered_path__76__rendered_path__76__rendered_path__121__rendered_path__122__rendered_path__122__rendered_path__122__rendered_path__122__rendered_path__122__rendered_path__122__rendered_path__122__rendered_path__123__rendered_path__123__rendered_path__123__rendered_path__123__rendered_path__123__rendered_path__123__rendered_path__123__rendered_path__136__rendered_path__137__rendered_path__138__rendered_path__139__rendered_path__140__rendered_path__141__rendered_path__142__rendered_path__143__rendered_path__122__rendered_path__122__rendered_path__122__rendered_path__122__rendered_path__122__rendered_path__122__rendered_path__122__rendered_path__122__rendered_path__123__rendered_path__123__rendered_path__123__rendered_path__123__rendered_path__123__rendered_path__123__rendered_path__123__rendered_path__123__rendered_path__123__rendered_path__123__rendered_path__123__rendered_path__123__rendered_path__123__rendered_path__123__rendered_path__123__rendered_path__123__rendered_path__215__rendered_path__217
13 / BIOCOOL

Page 14
TEMPERATURA
IMPULSIÓN
EN GRADOS
CENTÍGRADOS
B/ III- TEMPERATURAS DE CONFORT ALCANZADAS
B/ III- TEMPERATURAS DE CONFORT
A
LCANZADAS
El sistema de BCE permite disminuir la temperatura entre 4 ºC y
C respecto a la del exterior, impulsando aire entre
ºC
__rendered_path__3
y
ºC aproximadamente, dependiendo principalmente de las
__rendered_path__22__rendered_path__24
condiciones del aire exterior (grado de humedad, temperatura…)
__rendered_path__23
y de la zona geogr
__rendered_path__26
seco sea el día, may
ará la máquina.
__rendered_path__27
__rendered_path__31
CON EL
DE EFICACIA MEDIA DE UN
__rendered_path__32
SISTEMA EVAPORATIVO SE OBTIENE
__rendered_path__35__rendered_path__41
UNA MEDIA DE REDUCCIÓN DE
OS
__rendered_path__36__rendered_path__41
CILANDO ENTRE
Y
SEGÚN LAS
__rendered_path__37__rendered_path__51
CONDICIONES DIARIAS. ESTA REDUC
__rendered_path__38__rendered_path__53
CIÓN DE TEMPERATURA ES MUY SIGNIFI
__rendered_path__39__rendered_path__51
CATIVA, LO QUE JUSTIFICA POR TANTO LA
__rendered_path__40
INVERSIÓN EN DONDE LOS PROBLEMAS
__rendered_path__39
DE CALOR SON IMPORTANTES.
__rendered_path__2__rendered_path__42
No obstante, en la industria donde la maquinaria genera humo y
__rendered_path__43
calor dentro de un recinto ya castigado por el sol, la temperatura
__rendered_path__42
interior puede elevarse hasta 4 ºC por encima de la exterior. En
__rendered_path__44
estos casos, la aportación de aire fresco exterior reducida en una
__rendered_path__45
media de 5 ºC con respecto al exterior, puede representar una
__rendered_path__46
reducción real de 9 ºC en relación a las condiciones que se sopor-
__rendered_path__47__rendered_path__44
tarían sin este tratamiento, y con un mínimo consumo eléctrico.
__rendered_path__42
Además, la constante inyección de aire del bioclimatizador
__rendered_path__48
dentro del recinto, obliga a su continua renovación, sustituyendo
__rendered_path__49
el aire viciado por aire fresco de forma permanente.
__rendered_path__44
14 / BIOCOOL
__rendered_path__4
10
__rendered_path__5
15
__rendered_path__186__rendered_path__202__rendered_path__202
20
__rendered_path__176__rendered_path__179__rendered_path__184__rendered_path__185
25
__rendered_path__176__rendered_path__183__rendered_path__175
30
__rendered_path__181__rendered_path__179__rendered_path__182
35
__rendered_path__176__rendered_path__179__rendered_path__180__rendered_path__175
40
__rendered_path__176__rendered_path__177__rendered_path__178
45
__rendered_path__175
50
RENDIMIENTO DE LA BCE
REDUCCIÓN DE TEMPERATURA
PORCENTAJE DE HUMEDAD RELATIVA
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
4,0
4,5
5,5
6,0
7,0
7,5
8,0
9,0
9,5
7,5
8,5
9,5 10,5 11,0 12,0 13,0 13,5 14,0
11,0
12
13,0 14,5 15,5 16,5 17,5 18,5 19,0
14,5 16,0 17,0 18,5 20,0 21,0 22,0 23,0 24,0
17,5 19,5 21,0 22,5 24,0 25,0 26,5 28,0 29,0
20
23,0 25,0 26,5 28,5 30,0 31,5 32,5 34,0
23
26,5 29,0 31,0 32,5 34,5 N/A N/A N/A
26
29
32,5 35,0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
29
32,5 36,5 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
HUMEDAD RELATIVA MEDIA VERANO
__rendered_path__307__rendered_path__338__rendered_path__355__rendered_path__478__rendered_path__482
HUMEDAD
__rendered_path__446
RELATIVA EN
__rendered_path__310__rendered_path__321__rendered_path__364__rendered_path__383__rendered_path__402__rendered_path__428__rendered_path__454
ESPAÑA DISPONE DEL CLIMA
__rendered_path__38__rendered_path__50__rendered_path__40__rendered_path__35__rendered_path__43__rendered_path__37__rendered_path__38__rendered_path__52__rendered_path__40__rendered_path__54__rendered_path__35__rendered_path__43__rendered_path__40__rendered_path__53__rendered_path__42__rendered_path__36__rendered_path__37__rendered_path__38__rendered_path__37__rendered_path__46__rendered_path__38__rendered_path__51__rendered_path__40__rendered_path__43__rendered_path__50__rendered_path__53__rendered_path__62__rendered_path__63__rendered_path__64__rendered_path__92__rendered_path__93__rendered_path__94__rendered_path__95__rendered_path__96__rendered_path__93__rendered_path__98__rendered_path__102__rendered_path__95__rendered_path__96__rendered_path__94__rendered_path__94__rendered_path__95__rendered_path__96__rendered_path__98__rendered_path__98__rendered_path__169__rendered_path__193__rendered_path__194__rendered_path__195__rendered_path__202__rendered_path__202__rendered_path__204__rendered_path__205__rendered_path__205__rendered_path__205__rendered_path__205__rendered_path__205__rendered_path__205__rendered_path__205__rendered_path__205__rendered_path__206__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__207__rendered_path__308__rendered_path__309__rendered_path__311__rendered_path__312__rendered_path__313__rendered_path__314__rendered_path__315__rendered_path__316__rendered_path__317__rendered_path__318__rendered_path__319__rendered_path__320__rendered_path__322__rendered_path__323__rendered_path__324__rendered_path__325__rendered_path__326__rendered_path__327__rendered_path__328__rendered_path__329__rendered_path__330__rendered_path__331__rendered_path__332__rendered_path__333__rendered_path__334__rendered_path__335__rendered_path__336__rendered_path__337__rendered_path__339__rendered_path__340__rendered_path__341__rendered_path__342__rendered_path__343__rendered_path__344__rendered_path__345__rendered_path__346__rendered_path__347__rendered_path__348__rendered_path__349__rendered_path__350__rendered_path__351__rendered_path__352__rendered_path__353__rendered_path__354__rendered_path__356__rendered_path__357__rendered_path__358__rendered_path__359__rendered_path__360__rendered_path__361__rendered_path__362__rendered_path__363__rendered_path__365__rendered_path__366__rendered_path__367__rendered_path__368__rendered_path__369__rendered_path__370__rendered_path__371__rendered_path__372__rendered_path__373__rendered_path__374__rendered_path__375__rendered_path__376__rendered_path__377__rendered_path__378__rendered_path__379__rendered_path__380__rendered_path__381__rendered_path__382__rendered_path__384__rendered_path__385__rendered_path__386__rendered_path__387__rendered_path__388__rendered_path__389__rendered_path__390__rendered_path__391__rendered_path__392__rendered_path__393__rendered_path__394__rendered_path__395__rendered_path__396__rendered_path__397__rendered_path__398__rendered_path__399__rendered_path__400__rendered_path__401__rendered_path__403__rendered_path__404__rendered_path__405__rendered_path__406__rendered_path__407__rendered_path__408__rendered_path__409__rendered_path__410__rendered_path__411__rendered_path__412__rendered_path__413__rendered_path__414__rendered_path__415__rendered_path__416__rendered_path__417__rendered_path__418__rendered_path__419__rendered_path__420__rendered_path__421__rendered_path__422__rendered_path__423__rendered_path__424__rendered_path__425__rendered_path__426__rendered_path__427__rendered_path__429__rendered_path__430__rendered_path__431__rendered_path__432__rendered_path__433__rendered_path__434__rendered_path__435__rendered_path__436__rendered_path__437__rendered_path__438__rendered_path__439__rendered_path__440__rendered_path__441__rendered_path__442__rendered_path__443__rendered_path__444__rendered_path__445__rendered_path__447__rendered_path__448__rendered_path__449__rendered_path__450__rendered_path__451__rendered_path__452__rendered_path__453__rendered_path__455__rendered_path__456__rendered_path__457__rendered_path__458__rendered_path__459__rendered_path__460__rendered_path__461__rendered_path__462__rendered_path__463__rendered_path__464__rendered_path__465__rendered_path__466__rendered_path__467__rendered_path__468__rendered_path__469__rendered_path__470__rendered_path__471__rendered_path__472__rendered_path__473__rendered_path__474__rendered_path__475__rendered_path__476__rendered_path__477__rendered_path__479__rendered_path__480__rendered_path__481__rendered_path__483__rendered_path__484__rendered_path__485__rendered_path__486__rendered_path__487__rendered_path__488__rendered_path__489__rendered_path__490__rendered_path__491__rendered_path__492__rendered_path__493__rendered_path__492__rendered_path__494__rendered_path__492__rendered_path__495__rendered_path__492__rendered_path__496__rendered_path__497__rendered_path__491__rendered_path__493__rendered_path__493__rendered_path__493__rendered_path__494__rendered_path__493__rendered_path__495__rendered_path__493__rendered_path__496__rendered_path__493__rendered_path__498__rendered_path__499__rendered_path__500__rendered_path__499__rendered_path__501__rendered_path__499__rendered_path__502__rendered_path__499__rendered_path__503__rendered_path__499__rendered_path__504__rendered_path__499__rendered_path__505__rendered_path__499__rendered_path__506__rendered_path__499__rendered_path__507__rendered_path__499__rendered_path__508__rendered_path__499__rendered_path__509__rendered_path__510__rendered_path__511__rendered_path__512__rendered_path__513__rendered_path__514__rendered_path__515__rendered_path__516__rendered_path__517__rendered_path__518__rendered_path__519__rendered_path__520__rendered_path__521__rendered_path__522__rendered_path__523__rendered_path__524__rendered_path__527
IDÓNEO PARA EL USO DE LA BCE

Page 15
B/ III- TEMPERATURAS DE CONFORT ALCANZADAS
Esta acción aporta un componente importante en industrias don-
de se generan gases y olores por el propio proceso productivo.
Es el caso de las imprentas, inyección de plásticos, soldaduras,
lavanderías industriales, cocinas, etc. En algunos de estos ejem-
plos las renovaciones de aire ya están legisladas, por lo que la
inversión en sistemas de extracción es de obligado cumplimiento.
De igual forma, el acondicionamiento evaporativo aumenta la
humedad del recinto, que en muchos casos es inferior a la exterior
or ello no se crea un
__rendered_path__42__rendered_path__43
ambiente incómodo, al contr
-
__rendered_path__41__rendered_path__44__rendered_path__47
cientemente ventilado. Además, existen procesos productivos que
__rendered_path__45__rendered_path__47
agradecen especialmente esta humedad como es el textil, calzado,
__rendered_path__46__rendered_path__54
imprentas… eliminándose además la electricidad estática.
__rendered_path__48__rendered_path__47
EFECTIVO INCLUSO EN ZONAS COSTERAS
__rendered_path__49__rendered_path__57
Si bien en principio las unidades de climatización evaporativa
__rendered_path__50__rendered_path__47
tienen un mayor rendimiento en las zonas climáticamente más
__rendered_path__51__rendered_path__60
secas, en las zonas húmedas y costeras también se obtienen
__rendered_path__46
condiciones confortables, teniendo en cuenta que en las horas de
__rendered_path__45
mayor calor la humedad relativa se reduce. La citada humedad
__rendered_path__52
es opuesta a las temperaturas en su medición a lo largo del día.
__rendered_path__50
Es decir, a mediodía las temperaturas son máximas y la humedad
__rendered_path__44
relativa mínima, y lo contrario por la noche.
__rendered_path__45
Ciclo típico de 24 h de humedad relativa en Valencia. Fuente: ASHRAE.
__rendered_path__53
VARIACIÓN DE HUMEDAD RELATIVA EN UN PERIODO
__rendered_path__45
NORMAL DE
HORAS
__rendered_path__55__rendered_path__49
Humedad
__rendered_path__56
relativa
__rendered_path__45
Temperatura
__rendered_path__56
ambiente
__rendered_path__45
12:00
12:00 ≈ 3:00
12:00
__rendered_path__2__rendered_path__11__rendered_path__13__rendered_path__14
ECO
__rendered_path__4
En las zonas costeras de la península la reducción de la tempera-
__rendered_path__6
tur
a la mayoría de las aplicaciones especiali-
__rendered_path__8__rendered_path__9
zadas. Para responder detalladamente al descenso de tempe-
__rendered_path__10
raturas en una zona representativ
__rendered_path__12
de datos facilitada por el INM de Valencia correspondiente a las
__rendered_path__17__rendered_path__19
condiciones meteorológicas medidas a las
horas desde el
__rendered_path__18__rendered_path__20
de junio de
hasta el de agosto del mismo año.
__rendered_path__18__rendered_path__21
Así pues, el sistema evaporativo es viable para reducir notable-
__rendered_path__22__rendered_path__23__rendered_path__25
mente las temperaturas en todo el país y en algunas aplicacio-
__rendered_path__24__rendered_path__27__rendered_path__28
nes costeras o zonas húmedas, reduciendo la temperatura y
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eliminando olores y humos, aportando humedad y disipando calor
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estructural interno.
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Por otra parte y en relación a las aplicaciones industriales, aún
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en muchos factores que
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hacen que un bioclimatizador sea la elección ideal para enfriar y
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ventilar espacios grandes y abiertos. Tal y como lo demuestra el
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hecho de que existan instalaciones en algunas zonas tropicales.
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Y si bien es cierto que la climatización evaporativa no garantiza
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una temperatur
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condiciones externas, si puede disminuirla hasta ºC, proporcio-
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nando una agradable brisa natural que genera un ambiente fresco
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muy confortable.
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ACONDICIONAMIENTO EVAPORATIVO
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ANÁLISIS VALENCIA JUNIO AGOSTO
H.
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T. Exterior
T. Convar
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Sensación Ventilación
Aire Acondicionado
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15 / BIOCOOL

Page 16
B/ III- TEMPERATURAS DE CONFORT ALCANZADAS
B/ IV- CASOS ESPECIALES DE
APLICACIÓN. SPOT COOLING EN
INDUSTRIA
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ZONAS CALIENTES INTERNAS:
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se crean pequeños espacios concretos en donde la temperatura
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es superior al resto. La principal razón es la generación del calor
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debido a varias causas:
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• El generado por las propias máquinas
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• El originado por los procesos de producción
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• Por la concentración de varias personas trabajando en una misma zona
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• Por falta de ventilación del aire, que no se refresca y se va
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incrementando grado a grado
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m
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16 / BIOCOOL
__rendered_path__3
Comúnmente estos espacios están a mayor temperatura que la
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del aire exterior, por lo que introduciendo éste último en esa área
concreta por medio de ventilación mecánica mejorará la situación
ambiental. No obstante, la bioclimatización evaporativa ofrece
una mejor solución introduciendo aire fresco a menor temperatu-
ra que el aire externo.
Por ejemplo, una fábrica tiene máquinas de fundición que produ-
cen calor y la temperatura del aire dentro es de
, pero el aire
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externo es de
. La BCE puede suministrar el acondiciona-
__rendered_path__57
miento del aire desde
a aproximadamente
,
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lo que supone un ambiente de trabajo más frío (
de reducción
__rendered_path__62__rendered_path__58
de temperatura en total), lo que supone para el propietario una
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mejor productividad de sus inversiones, tanto del personal como
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de sus máquinas.
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EL SPOT COOLING
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PERMITE CENTRAR LA
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INVERSIÓN EN AQUELLAS
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ZONAS CON EXCESO DE
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CALOR SIN NECESIDAD
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DE CERRAMIENTOS NI
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DE CLIMATIZAR LA NAVE
__rendered_path__26__rendered_path__22__rendered_path__23__rendered_path__28__rendered_path__22__rendered_path__24__rendered_path__28__rendered_path__26__rendered_path__31__rendered_path__21__rendered_path__24__rendered_path__23__rendered_path__24__rendered_path__26__rendered_path__25__rendered_path__32__rendered_path__23__rendered_path__33__rendered_path__26__rendered_path__31__rendered_path__21__rendered_path__24__rendered_path__34__rendered_path__35__rendered_path__24__rendered_path__32__rendered_path__28__rendered_path__31__rendered_path__34__rendered_path__22__rendered_path__28__rendered_path__31__rendered_path__34__rendered_path__26__rendered_path__22__rendered_path__24__rendered_path__34__rendered_path__81__rendered_path__86Image_83_0__rendered_path__88__rendered_path__89__rendered_path__90__rendered_path__91__rendered_path__92__rendered_path__93__rendered_path__94__rendered_path__96__rendered_path__97__rendered_path__98__rendered_path__99__rendered_path__101
TOTALMENTE

Page 17
PROYECTOS DESARROLLADOS POR: AURORA OLMOS, MANUEL BELLVER E IKER SOTO. EASD.
B/ III- TEMPERATURAS DE CONFORT ALCANZADAS
-
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cepto, ya que el suministro de bioclimatizadores puede producir
__rendered_path__32__rendered_path__35
una disminución de la temperatura de
como mínimo.
__rendered_path__33__rendered_path__34__rendered_path__38__rendered_path__39
En estos casos no hacemos ningún cálculo de cargas térmicas,
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simplemente diseñamos un sistema que cubra toda la “zona” con
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aire acondicionado evaporativo, el cual continuamente reempla-
__rendered_path__36__rendered_path__43__rendered_path__41
zará el aire caliente. No es necesaria la construcción de paredes
__rendered_path__37__rendered_path__40__rendered_path__35
nuevas - el sistema funcionará sin ninguna pared adicional.
__rendered_path__37__rendered_path__44__rendered_path__35
ZONAS CALIENTES EXTERNAS:
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Otra aplicación útil del “acondicionamiento zonal” es para las
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áreas externas donde las personas se encuentran para relajarse,
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comer o entretenerse, y en donde no existe pared por ningún lado
__rendered_path__45__rendered_path__34__rendered_path__40
y posiblemente tampoco techo. El Bioclimatizador Evaporativo
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puede suministrar aire acondicionado fresco para esas áreas
__rendered_path__2__rendered_path__11__rendered_path__13__rendered_path__14
ECO
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también, lo cual sería imposible enfriar utilizando un aire acondi-
__rendered_path__6
cionado convencional.
__rendered_path__8__rendered_path__9
DISEÑO PARA EL ACONDICIONAMIENTO DE ÁREAS
__rendered_path__10
CALIENTES:
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Comenzamos por obtener una buena información del propietario
__rendered_path__17__rendered_path__19
sobre qué es lo que sucede en el área; dónde están las máquinas
__rendered_path__18__rendered_path__20
ubicadas, dónde están trabajando sus operarios, el área del suelo
__rendered_path__18__rendered_path__21
la cual ellos utilizan, los límites de altura para la ubicación de los
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difusores de aire, etc. Medimos todas éstas áreas y realizamos
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un plano preciso del área a ser acondicionada.
__rendered_path__26
De esta forma, podemos solucionar las zonas calientes puntual-
__rendered_path__24
mente sin necesidad de hacer un acondicionamiento de toda la
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nave, sino del área a tratar por generación excesiva de calor.
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17 / BIOCOOL

Page 18
__rendered_path__2
18 / BIOCOOL
__rendered_path__7__rendered_path__12__rendered_path__15
C / BENEFICIOS Y SOLUCIONES QUE
__rendered_path__13
APORTA LA BIOCLIMATIZACIÓN
__rendered_path__6__rendered_path__12
UNA DE LAS PRINCIPALES CARACTERÍSTICAS Y VENTAJAS DEL SISTEMA
__rendered_path__14__rendered_path__16
DE BIOCLIMATIZACIÓN ES SU GRAN EFICIENCIA ENERGÉTICA, YA QUE
CONSUME HASTA UN 80% MENOS DE ENERGÍA QUE LOS SISTEMAS
TRADICIONALES DE AIRE ACONDICIONADO.

Page 19
ENERGÍA
ACONDICIONADO
BIOCLIMATIZACIÓN
ES
SOLUCIÓN
NATURAL
SOSTENIBLE
C/ I- MÁXIMA EFICIENCIA Y AHORRO ENERGÉTICO
__rendered_path__124
C/ I- MÁXIMA EFICIENCIA Y AHORRO
ENERGÉTICO
__rendered_path__125
BENEFICIOS Y SOLUCIONES
La bioclimatización es altamente competitiva tanto en costes de
capital y adquisición, como en costes de explotación y manteni-
miento, especialmente si se compara con la equivalente insta-
lación de aire acondicionado por compresor. De este modo, los
costes operativos de la BCE son similares a los de un ventilador.
Su coste de instalación es bajo, ya que sólo precisa de una toma
de agua y una fuente de energía eléctrica sin ninguna canaliza-
ción complementaria. Su mantenimiento es muy económico y al
incorporar pocas piezas de trabajo se reducen las probabilidades
de producción de fallos. Destaca también la sencillez en el mante-
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Todas las v
acterizan los
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sistemas de bioclimatización redundan en un ahorro econó-
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o en la cuenta de resultados de las empresas
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usuarias del sistema.
__rendered_path__24__rendered_path__30
Aunque no existen estudios en España en relación al ahorro
__rendered_path__25__rendered_path__30
energético global que podría producir la utilización masiva de la
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climatización evaporativa, sí existen datos de su aplicación en
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Estados Unidos, donde se utiliza desde hace más de 50 años de
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forma masiva y a la que denominan “Cooling”. Sólo en la zona Sur
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vaporativos insta-
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lados en residenciales, que han supuesto un ahorro aproximado
__rendered_path__27
de 11,8 millones de barriles de petróleo anualmente y 3 billones
__rendered_path__24
de Kg. de emisión de dióxido de carbono, comparándolo con el
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equivalente al sistema de aire por compresión. A estas cifras
__rendered_path__28__rendered_path__27
hay que sumarles el ahorro proporcionado por la utilización de
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los evaporativos en la industria, el comercio, la agricultura, y la
__rendered_path__28__rendered_path__26
ganadería, que no han sido valorados en el informe, pero que son
__rendered_path__21
todavía mayores.
__rendered_path__92
LA
__rendered_path__93
UNA
__rendered_path__126
Y
__rendered_path__165
MENOS DE
QUE EL AIRE
__rendered_path__127__rendered_path__129__rendered_path__150
BIOCLIMATIZACIÓN
__rendered_path__128
__rendered_path__135
__rendered_path__96__rendered_path__105__rendered_path__107__rendered_path__108
ECO
__rendered_path__91__rendered_path__98
__rendered_path__100
AIRE
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ACONDICIONADO
__rendered_path__104
__rendered_path__106
__rendered_path__28__rendered_path__24__rendered_path__21__rendered_path__32__rendered_path__33__rendered_path__21__rendered_path__26__rendered_path__25__rendered_path__34__rendered_path__28__rendered_path__26__rendered_path__34__rendered_path__35__rendered_path__36__rendered_path__33__rendered_path__35__rendered_path__37__rendered_path__38__rendered_path__39__rendered_path__40__rendered_path__41__rendered_path__42__rendered_path__41__rendered_path__43__rendered_path__44__rendered_path__45__rendered_path__45__rendered_path__46__rendered_path__47__rendered_path__48__rendered_path__45__rendered_path__49__rendered_path__47__rendered_path__48__rendered_path__41__rendered_path__38__rendered_path__39__rendered_path__45__rendered_path__50__rendered_path__51__rendered_path__52__rendered_path__40__rendered_path__53__rendered_path__54__rendered_path__41__rendered_path__55__rendered_path__56__rendered_path__45__rendered_path__57__rendered_path__41__rendered_path__50__rendered_path__61__rendered_path__62__rendered_path__54__rendered_path__63__rendered_path__64__rendered_path__62__rendered_path__65__rendered_path__39__rendered_path__62__rendered_path__46__rendered_path__54__rendered_path__41__rendered_path__40__rendered_path__53__rendered_path__66__rendered_path__26__rendered_path__23__rendered_path__76__rendered_path__76__rendered_path__77__rendered_path__77__rendered_path__28__rendered_path__23__rendered_path__78__rendered_path__35__rendered_path__20__rendered_path__21__rendered_path__26__rendered_path__23__rendered_path__20__rendered_path__24__rendered_path__21__rendered_path__29__rendered_path__79__rendered_path__35__rendered_path__26__rendered_path__25__rendered_path__80__rendered_path__22__rendered_path__21__rendered_path__27__rendered_path__27__rendered_path__25__rendered_path__20__rendered_path__23__rendered_path__28__rendered_path__26__rendered_path__23__rendered_path__23__rendered_path__97__rendered_path__99__rendered_path__101__rendered_path__111__rendered_path__112__rendered_path__112__rendered_path__113__rendered_path__114__rendered_path__115__rendered_path__116__rendered_path__117__rendered_path__118__rendered_path__119__rendered_path__120__rendered_path__121__rendered_path__118__rendered_path__122__rendered_path__123__rendered_path__131__rendered_path__132__rendered_path__132__rendered_path__133__rendered_path__133__rendered_path__134__rendered_path__136__rendered_path__137__rendered_path__138__rendered_path__139__rendered_path__128__rendered_path__128__rendered_path__140__rendered_path__143__rendered_path__144__rendered_path__145__rendered_path__146__rendered_path__147__rendered_path__148__rendered_path__149__rendered_path__149__rendered_path__151__rendered_path__152__rendered_path__166__rendered_path__167__rendered_path__168__rendered_path__169
19 / BIOCOOL

Page 20
MOSTRANDO LA REPRESENTACIÓN DE LAS PIRÁMIDES INVER
TIDAS, OBSERVAMOS QUE POR EL 20% DE TIEMPO QUE NO SE
CUMPLE LA TEMPERATURA DE DISEÑO, ASUMIMOS UN COSTE
ADICIONAL DEL 80% INSTALANDO UN AIRE ACONDICIONADO.
HORAS CONFORT
ENERGÉTICO
C/ I- MÁXIMA EFICIENCIA Y AHORRO ENERGÉTICO
LA LEY
UNA REFLEXIÓN MUY RELEVANTE
__rendered_path__7__rendered_path__10
La Ley de P
xión en relación
__rendered_path__8
a la decisión de acometer la climatización de una nave o local,
__rendered_path__9__rendered_path__8
conociendo el fácil acceso que se tiene a la climatización por aire
__rendered_path__11
acondicionado y el gran desconocimiento que existe sobre los
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sistemas de bioclimatización evaporativa.
__rendered_path__24__rendered_path__30
 
__rendered_path__25__rendered_path__30
En ocasiones, se impone una temperatura de diseño concreta que
__rendered_path__26__rendered_path__30
no siempre es necesaria. Un ejemplo para exponer este plantea-
__rendered_path__27__rendered_path__23
miento: Mantener un local con una temperatura constante de
__rendered_path__28__rendered_path__30
 ºC no es posible conseguirla siempre al
% con la BCE en
__rendered_path__29__rendered_path__26__rendered_path__23
algunas zonas geogr
-
%.  Ahora bien,
__rendered_path__24
multiplicar el coste energético por para cubrir ese 
% de
__rendered_path__28
ocasiones en donde no se alcanza la temperatura exigida, proba-
__rendered_path__22
blemente no resulte rentable ni necesario.
__rendered_path__31
PRINCIPALES DIFERENCIAS FRENTE AL AIRE
__rendered_path__25
ACONDICIONADO
__rendered_path__24
La bioclimatización evaporativa es un ejemplo de tecnología
__rendered_path__24
entajas frente
__rendered_path__32
a la climatización por aire acondicionado. Destaca su reducido
__rendered_path__22
consumo energético que es similar al del ventilador, y se estima
__rendered_path__25
que puede llegar a ser hasta un
% inferior respecto al del
__rendered_path__24
aire acondicionado. Además, no utiliza gases refrigerantes por
__rendered_path__33
lo que es ecológico y se puede utilizar en espacios abiertos, sin
__rendered_path__34
necesidad de cerrar puertas ni ventanas. No reseca el ambiente
__rendered_path__33
sino que mantiene un nivel óptimo de humedad.
__rendered_path__45
Como principal desventaja o limitación de la bioclimatización
__rendered_path__46__rendered_path__48
tenemos el no poder exigir siempre una temperatura determina-
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da, ya que siempre partimos de las condiciones del aire exterior
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y estas varían constantemente. Sin embargo, en un
% de los
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casos podemos obtener condiciones de confort por un mínimo
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consumo.
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20 / BIOCOOL
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CON A.A.
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CON BCE
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OBTENIDAS
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COSTE
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-
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CONSUMO
CON A.A.
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CONSUMO
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CON BCE

Page 21
IOCLIMATIZACIÓN
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C/ II- SALUDABLE Y ECOLÓGICA
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DIFERENCIAS
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VENTAJAS Y LIMITACIONES DE LA B
FRENTE AL AIRE ACONDICIONADO
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BIOCLIMATIZACIÓN
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Introduce 100% aire
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exterior
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Las ventanas y
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puertas pueden
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estar abiertas
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Mantiene un nivel
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adecuado de
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humedad
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Ventilación: elimina
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humos, olores y
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aire viciado
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Mejora el
rendimiento cuanto
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más calor
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hace en el exterior
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Coste de
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funcionamiento
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reducido
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Climatiza como la
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naturaleza. Suprime
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la electricidad
estática en procesos
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industriales
EVAPORATIVA
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AIRE
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ACONDICIONADO
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Recircula el mismo
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aire
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Las ventanas y
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puertas deben
permanecer
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cerradas
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Reseca el aire, con lo
que puede resultar
perjudicial para la
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salud
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Recircula el aire
de la estancia, que
contiene olores,
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humos, ácaros, etc.
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Reduce la capacidad
de enfriar cuando
más calor exterior
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hace
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Coste de
funcionamiento
superior
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Utiliza gas
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refrigerante
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ECO
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C/ II ALUDABLE Y ECOLÓGICA
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La Bioclimatización es una forma de enfriar, además de muy
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económica, saludable y ecológica. Este sistema permite la
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renovación constante del aire, mejorando su calidad ya que
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ado dentro del recinto, evacuando
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malos olores, humos y gases al exterior, permitiendo mantener
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los accesos abiertos.
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De esta forma, se respira permanentemente aire fresco y reno-
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vado, con un nivel de humedad equilibr
a
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la salud, sin resecar el ambiente, por lo que se evitan problemas
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como la alteración de las mucosas respiratorias y de la deshidra-
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tación de la piel, eccemas, rinitis y conjuntivitis, entre otros. En
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este sentido también destaca el hecho de que evita los cambios
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bruscos de temperatura, y con ello todas las patologías que
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puede conllevar: resfriados, faringitis, afonía, etc.
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Desde un punto de vista ecológico, la BCE no utiliza gases
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refrigerantes CFC´ S ni similares, ya que se basa en el uso de
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agua natural para su funcionamiento, que además devuelve a la
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atmósfera en forma de vapor.
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EVITA EL USO DE LOS CLORO
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FLUOROCARBONOS
QUE
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DESTRUYEN LA CAPA DE OZONO,
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EMPLEADOS EN SISTEMAS
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COMPRESORES COMO REFRIGERANTE.
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POR LO TANTO Y A DIFERENCIA
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DEL AIRE ACONDICIONADO, ESTE
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SISTEMA CONTRIBUYE A FRENAR EL
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CALENTAMIENTO GLOBAL.
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21 / BIOCOOL

Page 22
ISIÓN
C/ III- CUMPLIMIENTO CON LA RESPONSABILIDAD SOCIAL EMPRESARIAL
V
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C/ III UMPLIMIENTO CON LA
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RESPONSABILIDAD SOCIAL
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EMPRESARIAL
VISIÓN DE
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FUTURO
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Las ventajas para las empresas que adoptan medidas de res-
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ponsabilidad social relacionadas con la gestión ambiental son
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muchas y enmarcadas en diferentes ámbitos. El calentamiento
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global es un problema mundial que remueve conciencias no sólo
de los gobiernos, sino también de los consumidores y mercados
a nivel internacional, por lo que se incrementa la tendencia de
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comprometidas con el entorno.
__rendered_path__69__rendered_path__78
El Libro Verde de la UE o el Pacto Global de Naciones Unidas
__rendered_path__70__rendered_path__78
(principios 7, 8, y 9) son documentos internacionales de libre ad-
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hesión para las compañías que quieran asumir voluntariamente el
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compromiso de ir implantando principios de responsabilidad am-
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biental optando, entre otras medidas, por la
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Cada vez son más las multinacionales y pymes que se involu-
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cran activamente en seguir políticas que contribuyan a frenar
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el cambio climático, para crecer económicamente de manera
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sostenible con la disminución del consumo de recursos y de las
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emisiones contaminantes para reducir así el impacto sobre el
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medioambiente.
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22 / BIOCOOL
__rendered_path__5
DE FUTURO
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PRINCIPALES VENTAJAS DE LA RSE EN GESTIÓN AMBIENTAL
Aumento de la rentabilidad empresarial y
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Ahorro en consumo energético, por tanto mejora en la
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cuenta de resultados
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con valores positivos
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Posicionamiento frente a los competidores, lo que
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supone una ventaja diferencial
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Incremento de la satisfacción de los profesionales a
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nivel corporativo
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Aportación y f
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entorno, la Naturaleza y el planeta
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No debemos olvidar que el consumo de agua de este sistema, es notable-
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mente inferior al necesario para generar un kw eléctrico por otro método,
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bien sea por energía nuclear, hidráulica u otra fuente.
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EL CALENTAMIENTO
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GLOBAL ES UN
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PROBLEMA MUNDIAL
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QUE REMUEVE
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CONCIENCIAS

Page 23
UTURO
MINISTERIO DE
blecen los criterios higiénico-sanitarios para la
prevención y control de la legionelosis.
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C/ III- CUMPLIMIENTO CON LA RESPONSABILIDAD SOCIAL EMPRESARIAL
VISIÓN DE F
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LO QUE DEBEMOS SABER SOBRE LA LEGIONELA
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La legionela es una bacteria que se halla amplia-
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mente extendida en ambientes acuáticos naturales
(ríos, lagos, aguas termales, etc.). Para que su con-
centración aumente entrañando riesgo para las per-
sonas debe pasar a colonizar, fundamentalmente a
través de las redes de distribución de agua potable,
sistemas hídricos construidos por el hombre, como
torres de refrigeración y sistemas de distribución
de agua sanitaria, donde encuentra condiciones de
temperatura idóneas para su multiplicación (
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ºC), protección física y nutrientes apropiados.
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__rendered_path__83
A partir de estas instalaciones la legionela puede
infectar a las personas si el agua es pulverizada
en forma de aerosoles, de manera que la bacteria
pueda ser transportada por el aire en pequeñas
gotas e inhalada por las personas. En consecuencia,
serán instalaciones de riesgo todas aquellas que
procurando condiciones de anidamiento adecuado
para ésta, fundamentalmente agua estancada o
retenida a temperatura de
ºC y especialmen-
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te en presencia de suciedad, produzcan aerosoles
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que puedan ser inhalados por las personas.
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BACTERIAS
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EVAPORACIÓN
PULVERIZACIÓN
RD
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ECO
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SANIDAD Y CONSUMO
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, de 4 de Julio, por el que se esta-
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__rendered_path__10
SIN RIESGO POR:
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Evapora por contacto sin pulverizar
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Trabaja con agua fría
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Sistemas de drenaje
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temporizado,
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limpieza por
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oz
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NOTA: Los sistemas bioclimatizadores
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evaporan agua por contacto a baja velocidad
__rendered_path__29
sin producción de aerosoles. Algunos
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incorporan sistemas modernos de impieza y
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ono, y mantienen la tem-
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peratura del agua a temperatura húmeda del
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aire (entre ºC y
ºC aproximadamente).
__rendered_path__3__rendered_path__5__rendered_path__7__rendered_path__58__rendered_path__60__rendered_path__60__rendered_path__62__rendered_path__63__rendered_path__108__rendered_path__109__rendered_path__121__rendered_path__122__rendered_path__123__rendered_path__124__rendered_path__125__rendered_path__126__rendered_path__125__rendered_path__123__rendered_path__127__rendered_path__122__rendered_path__128__rendered_path__134__rendered_path__135__rendered_path__136__rendered_path__123__rendered_path__124__rendered_path__125__rendered_path__126__rendered_path__125__rendered_path__123__rendered_path__127__rendered_path__122__rendered_path__134__rendered_path__121__rendered_path__136__rendered_path__121__rendered_path__137__rendered_path__142__rendered_path__143__rendered_path__107__rendered_path__109__rendered_path__146__rendered_path__148__rendered_path__149__rendered_path__147__rendered_path__149__rendered_path__150__rendered_path__150__rendered_path__150__rendered_path__150__rendered_path__150__rendered_path__150__rendered_path__151__rendered_path__151__rendered_path__151__rendered_path__151__rendered_path__151__rendered_path__152__rendered_path__152__rendered_path__152__rendered_path__152__rendered_path__152__rendered_path__153__rendered_path__153__rendered_path__153__rendered_path__153__rendered_path__153__rendered_path__153__rendered_path__153__rendered_path__154__rendered_path__150__rendered_path__150__rendered_path__150__rendered_path__150__rendered_path__150__rendered_path__151__rendered_path__151__rendered_path__151__rendered_path__151__rendered_path__152__rendered_path__152__rendered_path__155__rendered_path__155__rendered_path__155__rendered_path__156__rendered_path__155__rendered_path__152__rendered_path__152__rendered_path__152__rendered_path__152__rendered_path__153__rendered_path__153__rendered_path__153__rendered_path__153__rendered_path__153__rendered_path__150__rendered_path__151__rendered_path__151__rendered_path__152__rendered_path__153__rendered_path__153__rendered_path__153__rendered_path__153__rendered_path__154__rendered_path__154__rendered_path__157__rendered_path__158__rendered_path__158__rendered_path__159__rendered_path__159__rendered_path__149__rendered_path__149__rendered_path__160__rendered_path__160__rendered_path__149__rendered_path__149__rendered_path__161__rendered_path__161__rendered_path__157__rendered_path__157__rendered_path__162__rendered_path__162Image_126_0__rendered_path__164Image_128_0
23 / BIOCOOL

Page 24
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24 / BIOCOOL
__rendered_path__7__rendered_path__62
C / APLICACIONES
POR SECTORES
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LA CLIMATIZACIÓN EVAPORATIVA ESTÁ ESPECIALMENTE INDICADA
PARA ENFRIAR GRANDES SUPERFICIES, DEBIDO PRINCIPALMENTE
A SU MÍNIMO CONSUMO ENERGÉTICO , YA QUE CON LOS SISTEMAS
TRADICIONALES RESULTARÍA PRÁCTICAMENTE INSOSTENIBLE.

Page 25
D- APLICACIONES POR SECTORES
__rendered_path__40
D
PLICACIONES POR SECTORES
__rendered_path__41__rendered_path__44
La climatización evaporativa es la única opción efectiva para
__rendered_path__45
climatizar espacios con zonas/accesos abiertos -como naves
industriales o centros comerciales- que renueva constantemente
ado, en forma de suave
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brisa.
__rendered_path__55__rendered_path__60
andes recintos
__rendered_path__56__rendered_path__57__rendered_path__65
que precisen la evacuación de aire contaminado, ya que consigue
__rendered_path__54__rendered_path__60
expulsar humos, olores, polvo y otros elementos contaminantes
__rendered_path__59__rendered_path__57__rendered_path__68
logrando un ambiente saludable para los trabajadores.
__rendered_path__61__rendered_path__62__rendered_path__55__rendered_path__58
ES POSIBLE OFRECER
__rendered_path__63__rendered_path__64__rendered_path__58
CLIMATIZACIÓN
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GLOBAL PARA TODO
__rendered_path__67
EL EDIFICIO O BIEN
__rendered_path__55
SÓLO PARA ZONAS
__rendered_path__67
CONCRETAS “DE ALTO
__rendered_path__55
NIVEL TÉRMICO”.
__rendered_path__12__rendered_path__21__rendered_path__23__rendered_path__24
ECO
__rendered_path__3__rendered_path__14
LA GRAN VENTAJA DE LA
__rendered_path__4__rendered_path__16
BIOCLIMATIZACIÓN ES QUE SE
__rendered_path__2__rendered_path__18__rendered_path__19
PUEDE INSTALAR EN UN AMPLÍSIMO
__rendered_path__20
ABANICO DE EDIFICIOS, ACTIVIDADES
__rendered_path__22
E INDUSTRIAS. INDEPENDIENTEMENTE
__rendered_path__27__rendered_path__29
DE LA CARGA CALORÍFICA, LA
__rendered_path__28__rendered_path__30
CONSTRUCCIÓN Y LOS MÉTODOS DE
__rendered_path__28__rendered_path__31
VENTILACIÓN EXISTENTES.
__rendered_path__13__rendered_path__15__rendered_path__17__rendered_path__32__rendered_path__33__rendered_path__34__rendered_path__35__rendered_path__36__rendered_path__37__rendered_path__34__rendered_path__38__rendered_path__39__rendered_path__42__rendered_path__57__rendered_path__61__rendered_path__57__rendered_path__67__rendered_path__59__rendered_path__54__rendered_path__63__rendered_path__69__rendered_path__67__rendered_path__70__rendered_path__71__rendered_path__55__rendered_path__72__rendered_path__75__rendered_path__62__rendered_path__57__rendered_path__65__rendered_path__63__rendered_path__72__rendered_path__56__rendered_path__55__rendered_path__56__rendered_path__69__rendered_path__57__rendered_path__76__rendered_path__65__rendered_path__77__rendered_path__54__rendered_path__65__rendered_path__54__rendered_path__71__rendered_path__69__rendered_path__57__rendered_path__56__rendered_path__54__rendered_path__63__rendered_path__61__rendered_path__54__rendered_path__69__rendered_path__57__rendered_path__56__rendered_path__55__rendered_path__60__rendered_path__54__rendered_path__65__rendered_path__72__rendered_path__54__rendered_path__56__rendered_path__55__rendered_path__67__rendered_path__63__rendered_path__78__rendered_path__58Image_138_0__rendered_path__151__rendered_path__152
25 / BIOCOOL

Page 26
D/ I- SECTOR INDUSTRIAL
D/ I ECTOR INDUSTRIAL
__rendered_path__12
PROBLEMA
__rendered_path__13
El sector de la industria es muy amplio y el problema del calor
afecta a la inmensa mayoría de naves industriales, cada una de
__rendered_path__2
ellas con características de actividad productiva diferente, pero
.
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Solucionar este problema no es opcional, sino una
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exigencia de la normativa de seguridad e higiene laboral
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que limita la temperatura en los lugares de trabajo.
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Además, también hay que tener en cuenta la concentración
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de malos olores, humos y gases contaminantes, que pueden
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generarse dependiendo del sector industrial. Para solucionarlo,
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son dos los aspectos esenciales a tener en cuenta: el económico
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y la necesidad común en la mayoría de los casos de mantener el
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recinto abierto por exigencias de transporte, carga y recepción
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de mercancía.
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Por otra parte, ofrecer soluciones de climatización a los
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tr
ar su productividad y reducir el
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absentismo debido al estrés térmico, se ha considerado hasta
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hace muy poco tiempo excesivamente caro. Dadas las grandes
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dimensiones de las naves se hace inviable instalar aire acondi-
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cionado, tanto por su alto coste económico como por el excesivo
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consumo de energía.
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En su defecto, las empresas tradicionalmente han optado por re-
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ducir el calor simplemente abriendo ventanas y creando corrien-
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tes de aire, o con sencillos ventiladores. Otra solución bastante
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generalizada ha sido extraer el aire caliente de las zonas altas con
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apoyo de extractores, sustituyéndolo por aire nuevo pero caliente
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ar, por lo que la temperatura en el interior no desciende.
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Por tanto, todas estas medidas no solucionan el problema y resul-
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a alcanzar los grados adecuados.
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ACUMULACIÓN DE CALOR
ORES
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26 / BIOCOOL
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PROBLEMA
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40º
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EN ESTE CONTEXTO, SE REQUIERE
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POR TANTO UNA SOLUCIÓN MUY
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ECONÓMICA, CON UN CONSUMO
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ENERGÉTICO SOSTENIBLE, QUE PERMITA
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ENFRIAR DE FORMA INTELIGENTE,
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MEJORANDO LAS CONDICIONES
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LABORALES DE LOS TRABAJADORES,
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INCREMENTANDO SU PRODUCTIVIDAD
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Y REDUCIENDO O ELIMINANDO LA
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SINIESTRALIDAD.
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13__rendered_path__296__rendered_path__433__rendered_path__314__rendered_path__298__rendered_path__313__rendered_path__433__rendered_path__434__rendered_path__468__rendered_path__315__rendered_path__315__rendered_path__435__rendered_path__469__rendered_path__437__rendered_path__438__rendered_path__289__rendered_path__323__rendered_path__323__rendered_path__316__rendered_path__315__rendered_path__469__rendered_path__437__rendered_path__435__rendered_path__440__rendered_path__295__rendered_path__302__rendered_path__441__rendered_path__298__rendered_path__437__rendered_path__442__rendered_path__328__rendered_path__328__rendered_path__443__rendered_path__302__rendered_path__330__rendered_path__444__rendered_path__300__rendered_path__470__rendered_path__329__rendered_path__329__rendered_path__333__rendered_path__329__rendered_path__309__rendered_path__334__rendered_path__446__rendered_path__336__rendered_path__448__rendered_path__448__rendered_path__338__rendered_path__450__rendered_path__451__rendered_path__471__rendered_path__452__rendered_path__453__rendered_path__454__rendered_path__472__rendered_path__417__rendered_path__417__rendered_path__417__rendered_path__417__rendered_path__448__rendered_path__473__rendered_path__474__rendered_path__424__rendered_path__448__rendered_path__448__rendered_path__348__rendered_path__349__rendered_path__457__rendered_path__351__rendered_path__459__rendered_path__460__rendered_path__475__rendered_path__476__rendered_path__355__rendered_path__462__rendered_path__357__rendered_path__477__rendered_path__478__rendered_path__479__rendered_path__480__rendered_path__481
PRODUCTIVIDAD

Page 27
D/ I- SECTOR INDUSTRIAL
SOLUCIÓN
ación evaporativa
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queda especialmente demostrada en la refrigeración de
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grandes espacios, como naves industriales. El consumo
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energético de este sistema es mínimo, lo que supone
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un gran ahorro económico, y su instalación resulta muy
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sencilla.
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Con ella se consigue principalmente:
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La evacuación al exterior del humo, polvo, malos olores
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y agentes contaminantes
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La eliminación del problema del estrés térmico
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El incremento de la productividad laboral así
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como la reducción/eliminación del absentismo y la
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accidentalidad
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El mantenimiento de los accesos abiertos sin pérdida
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de efectividad en la refrigeración
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La aportación de un nivel adecuado de humedad,
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procesos industriales
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El cumplimiento con la legislación vigente
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MÍNIMO CONSUMO
RECIRCULA AIRE
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ECO
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SOLUCIÓN
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Por otra parte, con la BCE es posible la “climatización zonal”.
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Es habitual que sólo se trabaje en una parte concreta de la nave
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industrial, por lo que no es necesario tratar todo el volumen.
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Se calcula que un
% de la zona utilizada puede llegar a suponer
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un
del coste de refrigeración tradicional.
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Todo un derroche, teniendo en cuenta que la climatización de
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grandes espacios requiere mucha inversión y elevados costes
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